Posts Tagged ‘Gramophone Company

28
Dec
12

A Brief History of China’s Music Industry – Part 2: The Recorded Music Industry in China From the Early 1900s to the Late 1940s

The music industry of China is an unknown continent from a Western music business research perspective. Therefore it is very meritorious that John Fangjun Li, a lecturer and PhD candidate (2008-2012) at Macquarie University, provides one of the first overviews of the history of China’s music industry for an international readership. In a series of four blog contributions he highlights the development of the recorded music industry in more than 100 years from the final period of Imperial China to the current Peoples Republic of China. He gives an overview of the impact of Western major recorded music companies in the first half of the 20th century and of the emergence of serveral state operated but also privately owned Chinese companies after the Great Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) in Shanghai, Guangzhou, Beijing and other large cities. He also highlights the current digital music business in China that has been dominating the recorded music industry since the the mid 2000s.

In part 2, John Fangjun Li highlights the first years of the emerging music industry in China and discusses the role of Western music industry conglomerates until the late 1940s when the Peoples Republic of China was founded.

 

Continue reading ‘A Brief History of China’s Music Industry – Part 2: The Recorded Music Industry in China From the Early 1900s to the Late 1940s’

07
Mar
12

The Early Recording Industry in the Czech Lands – Part 4

Guest post by Daniel Matoušek

Until now, there has not been much literature on the recording industry in the former Czechoslovakia.  Particularly the history after the 1950s is not mapped at all yet. However, there are two books about the early music industry in the Czech lands that stand out in scope and in depth of detail: “Fonogram I” and “Fonogram II” by Czech record collector and sound industry historian Gabriel Gössel. The following short series of four articles is thus a look into the history of early gramophone industry in the Czech lands as described in these two volumes.

This last part examines the wartime period and the complicated situation in the post-war years. From 1939 to 1945, the Republic of Czechoslovakia was occupied by the national socialist German Reich and was officially renamed to Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, whose economy was directly controlled by the nazi regime. With the rise of the Communist party and the pressure towards nationalization after the war all recording companies were merged into a single state-owned enterprise called “The Gramophone Works”. The way of the Czechoslovakian music industry through the years of occupation and to post-war nationalization is examined in the following.

Continue reading ‘The Early Recording Industry in the Czech Lands – Part 4′

22
Feb
12

The Early Recording Industry in the Czech Lands – Part 3

Guest post by Daniel Matoušek

Until now, there has not been much literature on the recording industry in the former Czechoslovakia.  Particularly the history after the 1950s is not mapped at all yet. However, there are two books about the early music industry in the Czech lands that stand out in scope and in depth of detail: “Fonogram I” and “Fonogram II” by Czech record collector and sound industry historian Gabriel Gössel. The following short series of four articles is thus a look into the history of early gramophone industry in the Czech lands as described in these two volumes.

This third part covers the 1930s, when Czechoslovakia was suffered from world economic crisis which led to the oligopolization of the music industry.

Continue reading ‘The Early Recording Industry in the Czech Lands – Part 3′

16
May
11

The Early Record Industry in Australia – Part 4

The main competitors on the world record market, The Gramophone Company and the Columbia Graphophone Company, originally hesitated to enter the Australian market and it took several years before they etablished record pressing plants in Australia. Whereas the Columbia Graphophone also ran a recording studio from the beginning, the Gramophone Company could not bring itself to operate recording facilities in Australia in order to produce local acts. The Great Depression forced the rivals to amalgamate to EMI also in Australia in 1931.

Continue reading ‘The Early Record Industry in Australia – Part 4′




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