Music Business Research 2012 – in retrospective

Dear friends of the music business research blog. Thank you for visiting the blog in 2012. It was again a very eventful year for the music business/industry. The US and EU regulators cleared the merger of the recorded music arms of Universal and EMI. The Anschutz Group announced the selling of AEG, the world’s second largest live music company. Apple’s iTunes is virtually available worldwide after launching the music download portal in Russia, Turkey, Turkey, India and in other 52 countries. Music streaming service Spotify launched in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland and Luxembourg, operating now in 17 countries, whereas French based rival Deezer raised US$ 130 million from Warner Music Group’ owner Access Industries. And U.S. singer/songwriter Amanda Palmer managed to raise more than US$ 1.0 million for her new album on Kickstarter crowdfunding platform – to name only a few events.

However, from a music business research perspective, one of the highlights were the Third Vienna Music Business Research Days on “New Music Consumption Behaviour” held at University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna. Recent studies on music consumption behavior in the the UK, Austria and in the US were presented and the graduaded response scheme of the French authority for protection of copyrights on the Internet (HADOPI) was discussed. Further, the best paper of the Young Scholars’ workshop was awarded for the first time: “The ‘artepreneur’: A model for future success and personal fulfillment for artists” by Maike Engelmann, Lorenz Grünewald and Julia Heinrich of Hanover University of Music, Drama and Media. As a reward the paper was published in the October issue of the International Journal of Music Business Research (IJMBR), whose first issue was already published in April 2012:


Editorial by Dennis Collopy, Peter Tschmuck and Carsten Winter, pp. 4-6

Jari Salo: Customer Experience Management in the Music Industry Online Communities, pp. 7-30

Maike Engelmann, Lorenz Grünewald and Julia Heinrich: The New Artrepreneur – How Artists Can Thrive on a Networked Music Business, pp. 31-45._ (awarded best paper of the Young Scholars’ Workshop of the 3rd Vienna Music Business Research Days 2012)

Carsten Winter: How Media Prosumers Contribute to Social Innovation in Today’s New Networked Music Culture and Economy, pp. 46-73



Editorial by Peter Tschmuck and Dennis Collopy, pp. 4-6

Patrik Wikström: A Typology of Music Distribution Models, pp. 7-20

Pinie Wang: Music and Advertising. The Influence of Advertising and the Media on the Development of the Music Industry in the USA, pp. 21-43

Martin Kretschmer: Copyright Term Reversion and the “Use-It-Or-Lose-It” Principle, pp. 44-53

In the following you can find all academic theses & papers, which have been added for downloading in 2012. In addition find a list of important music business/industry studies and books published last year. You can also find a top-10-list of the most visited blog-posts and some more information.


The following academic thesis was added for downloading in 2012:

Matoušek, Daniel, 2012, Digitální distribuce hudby. Master Thesis, Masaryk University Brno.


The following music business related studies were published in 2012:

Barker, George and Tim Maloney, 2012, The Impact of Free Music Downloads on the Purchase of Music CDs in Canada. Working Paper No. 4 2012, Centre for Law and Economics, ANU College of Law.

Danaher, Brett, Michael D. Smith, Rahul Telang and Siwen Chen, 2012, The Effect of Graduated Response Anti-Piracy Laws on Music Sales: Evidence from an Event Study in France. Working Paper, Department of Economics, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA, USA.

eMusic and AIM, 2012, Consumer Motivations: Moving from Physical to Digital.

GfK, 2012, Der Veranstaltungsmarkt in Deutschland 2011. Commissioned by Musikmarkt and Bundesverband der Veranstaltungswirtschaft e.V.

GfK, 2012, Studie zur digitalen Contentnutzung 2012. Commissioned by Bundesverband Musikindustrie e.V., Gesellschaft zur Verfolgung von Urheberrechtsverletzungen e.V. and Börsenverein des Deutschen Buchhandels e.V.

Hammond, Robert G., 2012, Profit Leak? Pre-Release File Sharing and the Music Industry. Department of Economics, North Carolina State University, USA.

House of Research, 2012, Auswirkungen digitaler Piraterie auf die Ökonomie von Medien. Untersuchung der Effekte von Urheberrechtsverletzung auf die Film-, Musik- und Games-Wirtschaft in Deutschland und der Region Berlin-Brandenburg. Commissioned by Medienboard Berlin-Brandenburg GmbH and GAME Bundesverband der Computerspielindustrie.

Institut für Höhere Studien, 2012, Ökonomische Effekte der Musikwirtschaft in Wien und Österreich. Commissioned by Wirtschaftskammer Wien.

Legrand, Emmanuel, 2012, Music Crossing Borders. Monitoring the cross-border circulation of European music repertoire within the European Union. Report commissioned by European Music Office (EMO) and Eurosonic Noordeslag.


The following music business/industry books were published in 2012:

Anzenbacher, Christoph, 2012, Audiologos. Integrative Gestaltungsmaßnahmen vor dem Hintergrund der Musikpsychologie. Baden-Baden: Nomos.

Bauer, Christine, 2012, Bands as Virtual Organisations. Improving the Process of Band and Event Management with Information and Communication Technologies. Frankfurt am Main etc.: Peter Lang Verlag.

Byrne David, 2012, How Music Works. Edinburgh and London: Canongate Books.

Davis, Richard, 2012, Complete Guide to Film Scoring: The Art and Business of Writing Music for Movies and TV. Boston: Berklee Press.

Hardy, Phil, 2012, Download! How the Internet Transformed the Record Business. London: Omnibus Press.

Jones, Michael L., 2012, The Music Industries: From Conception to Consumption. Palgrave.

Reynolds, Andy, 2012, Roadie,Inc. Second Edition: How to Gain and Keep a Career in the Live Music Business. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

Riches, Nicola (ed.), 2012, The Music Management Bible. The Definitive Guide to Understanding Music Management. New edition, completely revised and updated. London: SMT.

Rose, David, 2012, Everything I Know About The Music Business I Learned From My Cousin Rick. The Musician’s Practical Guide to Success. White Plaines: Shuman & Goldstein Publishing.

Soames, Nicolas, 2012, The Story of Naxos: The Extraordinary Story of the Independent Record Label That Changed Classical Recording for Ever. London: Hachette UK.

The Official Chart Company, 2012, The Million Sellers – The UK’s Greatest Hits. London: Omnibus Press.

Tschmuck, Peter, 2012, Creativity and Innovation in the Music Industry, 2nd edition. Heidelberg etc.: Springer.

Wetzel, Rene and Julie Cauret, 2012, Online Marketing für die Musikbranche. Toolbox zur Online-Künstlervermarktung. München: Musikmarkt Verlag.


And finally, I would like to thank you for coming to my blog of Music Business Research, which was visited by users from 140 countries. Most of them came from the U.S., U.K. Germany, Australia, Austria, Canada, the Netherlands, France, Spain and Norway, but also from all other European and South American countries, nearly all Middle American and Asian countries and from several African countries and from Pacific countries too.


The top-10 most visited article in 2012:

1.   The recession in the music industry – a cause analysis,  6,747 visits

2.   GAO report on the economic impact of “piracy”,  962 visits

3.   The US Recorded Music Market in the Light of the Billboard Hot 100 – the 1960s, 664 visits

4.   Ticket Masters – Part 5: SFX Entertainment and the Revolution in the Concert Promotion Business, 537 visits

5.   EU Copyright Term Extension in Sound Recordings to 70 Years – An Economic Assessment, 498 visits

6.   Australian Music Business – an analysis of the recorded music sales 2000-2011, 452 visits

7.   Business model “Michael Jackson”, 450 visits

8.   Ticket Masters – Part 4: Online Ticketing and the Secondary Market, 431 visits

9.   Ticket Masters – Part 3: The Ticketmaster’s Challenge: The Grateful Dead, Pearl Jam and String Cheese Incident, 423 visits

10.  Ticket Masters – Part 2: The Rise of Ticketmaster, 403 visits


All in all, the Music Business Research Blog was visited 39,100 times in 2012. This results in more than 100 blog visits a day. Since March 2010, when I have started to blog on music business/industry topics, the posts and articles were visited 73,575 times. I am sure you will help me to cross the 100,000 mark in 2013. I will try my best to provide to you interesting articles and information on the music business/industry and there will be some new features too. Stay tuned and see you soon on my blog. Best wishes, PETER.



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