The Rethink Music initiative recently published a report on “Fair Music: Transparency and Money Flows in the Music Industry”. The report identifies barriers in the money flows to artist and states:”[O]nly a small proportion of the money beyond the initial recording advances ultimately makes its way to artists as ongoing revenue.” (Rethink Music, 2015: 3). Especially in the digitized recorded music business the revenue streams are often obscure and non-transparent. And if it comes to music streaming, artists are sceptical about the underlying business model. Based on the report’s finding, the revenue streams from music streaming and the structures behind the business are analysed.
Posts Tagged ‘music streaming
Tags: artist income, ASCAP, Believe Digital, BMI, collecting society, composer, content aggregator, copyright, Deezer, Harry Fox Agency, iHeartRadio, income distribution, income of musicians, master right, mechanical right, MRO, music publisher, music streaming, musical copyright, Pandora, performance right, performer, PRO, rdio, Rebeat, record labels, revenue distribution, SESAC, Sirus XM, songwriter, sound recording right, SoundExchange, Spotify, streaming income, streaming revenue, The Orchard
Tags: artist income, artists revenue streams, Billboard Money Makers List 2015, digital music sales, earnings from music, Eminem, income, income of musicians, live music revenue, music streaming, publishing revenue, recorded music sales, Taylor Swift, touring revenue, Zoë Keating
Some artists have unveiled their royalties’ statements highlighting that just a small proportion of their income comes from music streaming services (e.g. cellist Zoe Keating in February 2013). However, the question remains open if and how the superstars benefit from shift to the music streaming business? In the following analysis the top superstars’ income from recorded music sales, music streaming, publishing and touring is highlighted. The statistics are based on the Billboard Money Makers List 2015 for the 40 top earners of the US music business. See here for the methodology.
Tags: ad-supported music services, Deezer, freemium, IFPI, iHeartRadio, iTunes, music download sales, music streaming, music subscription, Pandora, physical music market, QQ Music, recorded music market, Recording Industry in Numbers 2014, RIN 2014, SoundExchange, Spotify, Vevo, YouTube
Music streaming is on the rise. In the recent IFPI report “Recording Industry in Numbers 2014” IFPI CEO Frances Moore is cited with “Streaming is now a mainstream part of the modern music industry.” (IFPI 2015: 5) Indeed, global subscription streaming revenue increased by 39.0 per cent and ad-supported streaming revenue by 38.6 per cent in 2014. In 2014, the global music streaming market (ad-supported as well as subscription) has a volume of US $2.2bn, which is even bigger than the single track download market (US $1.9bn) (IFPI 2015: 9). Music streaming, therefore, accounts for nearly a third of the global recorded music market. However, the market share of music streaming differs between countries. Whereas in Sweden the music streaming market share is 70 per cent of the overall recorded music market, in Germany just 6.3 per cent of the recorded music revenue comes from music streaming sources. And Japan, the second largest recorded music market in world, lags behind with meagre 3.1 per cent.
In the following I would like to highlight the economic relevance of the music streaming market segment in an international comparison.
On June 26, 2015, the Internet platform “Debating Europe” of the Friends of Europe and the NGO Europe’s World, which is supported by the European Council and other European institutions the question “What would save the music industry from digital piracy?” was posed. I had the honor of starting the discussion on Skype. Find more here: http://www.debatingeurope.eu/2015/06/26/illegal-downloading/#.VY0gH0ZyfAF
Tags: authors, composers, creators, Deezer, interpreters, major labels, music catalogue, music consumers, music majors, music publishers, music streaming, music streaming portal, music streaming service, music subscriber, music subscription, premium subscription, record labels, record majors, revenue share, revenue split, Spotify, streaming
The recently published Ernst & Young study that was commissioned by the French music industry body SNEP highlights the revenue split of a premium subscription of EUR 9.99 Spotify, Deezer and other comparable music streaming services. The study’s results confirm the conclusions drawn in the blog series “Is Streaming the Next Big Thing?” that – beside the music consumers – the (major) record labels are the main beneficiaries of the current boom of music streaming. In contrast, the musicians get just a small piece of the streaming pie and the streaming services for their part have severe problems to establish a sustainable business model. In the following, I would like to highlight and to comment on the main results of the study.
Dear readers of the music business research blog,
Music streaming dominated the music business year 2014. Taylor Swift attracted global media attention when she pulled her music catalogue from Spotify music streaming service blaming the Swedish company for insufficient royalty payments. She, thus, followed the footsteps of Radiohead’s Thom Yorke and other artists who have criticized Spotify and other streaming services for poor payouts – a fact also highlighted in my blog post “Is Streaming the Next Big Thing? – The artists’ perspective”.
Nevertheless, music streaming has been a booming business model in 2014. Revenues from music streaming increased in almost all markets – e.g. in the U.S., Japan, Germany and Brazil. New services have been launched such as Amazon’s Prime Music and YouTube’s Music Key. And music subscription service Beats was part of the largest takeover in the music industry when Apple purchased Beats Electronics, but mainly for the valuable headphone line. Apple again was in the headlines when it announced that the latest U2 album “Songs of Innocence” was given away for free to all the Apple users – a US $100m marketing campaign for Apple with questionable results.
The business model of music streaming was also one of the main topics of the 5th Vienna Music Business Research Days on “How to Monetize Music in the Digital Age” (October 1-3, 2014), which were held the first time in cooperation with the Waves Vienna Festival & Conference at the University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna. A conference track day supplemented for the first time the Young Scholars’ Workshop and the invited conference day with conference papers presented by academics from Austria, Australia, Brazil, Croatia, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom. In the course of the VMBR-Days the best paper of the Young Scholars’ Workshop was awarded for to Jordana Viotto da Cruz of University 13 Paris and to Esther Bishop of Zeppelin University Friedrichshafen. Both papers are considered for publication in the International Journal of Music Business Research (IJMBR).
Tags: Ananay Aguilar, Andy Chen, artist income, Artist Revenue Project, Beate Flath, Bettina Schasse de Araujo, Bodo Balazs, business models, Christian Handke, Daniel Nordgard, Denis Crowdy, Dennis Collopy, Diane Hughes, Elke Schüßler, Emilien Moyon, Ercilia García Álvarez, Erik Hitters, Florian Drücke, Franz Schumacher, Glaucia Peres da Silva, Guy Morrow, Joan-Josep Vallbé, Jordi López Sintas, José Maria Álvarez-Monzoncillo, Keith Harris, Kristiansand Round Table Initiative, Kristin Thomson, Marc Marot, Mark Evans, Monetizing Music, music streaming, Nives Mikelić Preradović, Patrick Waelbroeck, Paul Resnikoff, Regulatory conversation, Ronnie Gey, Sarah Keith, Sergej Lugović, Sheila Sánchez Bergara, Stephan Klingner, Vienna Music Business Research Days 2014, Werner Jauk, young scholars' workshop
The 5th Vienna Music Business Research Days were devoted to the question “How to Monetize Music in the Digital Age”? Academics and business professionals answered this questions from different perspectives. The VMBR-Days 2014 were held in cooperation with the Waves Vienna Music Festival & Conference and attracted an even larger international audience than in the years before. On Oct 3rd, a conference track day complemented the invited conference day on Oct 2nd for the first time. Academics from Austria, Australia, Brasil, Croatia, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom presented recent findings of a wide range of music business research topics.
The Young Scholars’ Workshop gathered for the fourth time students and mentors/discussants from more than 10 countries to discuss the findings a papers derived from master and PhD theses (see also the webpage of the Young Scholars’ Workshop 2014).
For a detailed coverage of the whole conference– including most of the papers and presentation slides as well as the audio streams of all talks and discussions of Oct 2nd – please click here. Continue reading ‘5th Vienna Music Business Research Days in Retrospective’